EVs use one or more electric motors for propulsion, and are recharged by plugging in to an external power source.
Some EVs are powered by electricity alone while others, such as plug-in hybrids, use a combination of electricity and liquid fuel, such as unleaded petrol. Other low emission vehicles use a fuel cell to convert hydrogen to electricity to power the engine, emitting only heat and water as by-products.
The range electric vehicles can travel has increased in recent years up to 700kms on a single charge. However most EVs on the market in Australia are able to travel between 200km to 500km on one charge.